The postsecondary education system in Yukon is described in CICIC'sPostsecondary Education Systems in Canada, Provinces and Territories. The system can be divided into three categories of postsecondary program delivery:
Quality assurance mechanisms in Yukon's postsecondary education system vary by type of program. They include
- legislation (statutes and regulations)
- credit transfer and articulation
- external and internal review
- professional accreditation
- other organizations related to quality assurance
The College Act establishes the only public community college in Yukon. Under the act, Yukon College is responsible for providing educational programs, services, and activities to meet the needs of people in Yukon and provides certificate, diploma, and degree programming. The board of governors of the college is responsible for the government, conduct, and management of the operations of the institution including educational policies and activities that relate to quality assurance, particularly establishing programs of study and student admission standards. The act also establishes campus advisory committees to advise the board of governors on the programs and activities of the community campus, with particular reference to the needs of the community.
The board of governors is accountable to the minister of education. The minister tables the board's report with the Legislature.
Yukon College is not formally affiliated with any particular university.
Credit Transfer and Articulation
Yukon College's credit transfer arrangements are published in the British Columbia Transfer Guide. Yukon College has credit transfer and articulation agreements with universities and other public postsecondary institutions for many of its programs. In a number of articulations with several universities in Alberta and British Columbia, the first two years of the university programs can be taken at the college and credited by the universities. The college also has articulation agreements with several institutions in Alaska for delivery of courses in programs leading to various bachelor's and master's degrees. The college has an articulation agreement with the University of Regina through which the college provides a four-year degree in education for Aboriginal students and a bachelor's degree in social work.
The quality of courses and programs offered through articulation is protected through the articulation agreements and program review process at each institution.
External and Internal Review
Yukon College serves a vast, sparsely populated region of the Canadian North. In its program development, the college relies heavily on community input to ensure that community service and graduate employment needs are met.
New programs and significantly changed programs are processed using procedures in which course and program content are developed with input from presidents' committees on programs. These committees are composed of sectoral representatives from outside the college and provide advice on the feasibility of new program proposals as well as content considerations. Coupled with input from campus committees at the college's 11 campuses, these committees ensure that college programming remains relevant to community needs. All new and significantly changed courses and programs are approved by the college's academic council to ensure that appropriate rigour and standards are met in areas such as instructor qualifications and learning outcomes.
The Department of Education also provides input into the review of some college programs.
Many of Canada's regulated professions have associations that conduct accreditation reviews of college programs pertaining to their professions. In these instances, accreditation teams from the professions review the reports provided by the colleges and may conduct on-site visits in accordance with the policies and procedures established by the professions.
Other Organizations Related to Quality Assurance in Colleges and Apprenticeship
Membership in the Colleges and Institutes Canada (ACCC) is not mandatory for Yukon College, although it is a member. ACCC does not perform quality assurance functions with respect to its members, but it does promote quality programming and the use of high academic standards by conducting research and facilitating broad discussion on quality assurance issues.
The Association of Accrediting Agencies of Canada (AAAC) is a national organization composed of professional associations involved in promoting good practices by its members in accreditation of educational programs.
Apprenticeship training in Yukon comprises a combination of workplace training and educational class instruction. The Apprentice Training Act establishes the authority responsible for apprenticeship matters in Yukon. The act requires that the government appoint an apprenticeship advisory board and director of apprentice training. The board's main function is to advise the minister of education on matters relating to training and the certification of people in designated trades and occupations. In advising the minister, the board draws upon the expertise of trade advisory committees appointed by the director of apprentice training.
The act also authorizes the government to make regulations relating to many aspects of apprenticeship including, but not limited to, the qualifications necessary to become an apprentice; the duration, nature, and scope of the training; appointment of examining boards; examinations and standards for examinations; issuing certificates; and inspection of the training of apprentices. The Regulation sets the Department of Education as responsible for the delivery of apprentice training and tradesperson qualification in Yukon.
External and Internal Review
The Department of Education, through the Advanced Education Branch, determines the delivery agents for apprentice in-school training and administers the in-school examinations of students in apprenticeship training. Quality is monitored through internal reviews of completion examination results and external reviews of curriculum by trade committees to ensure relevance to the needs of industry. Course and instructor evaluations conducted by students and outcomes surveys administered by the delivery agents are sometimes used to evaluate the in-school delivery portion. Yukon College delivers some of the in-school portion of apprenticeship training in accordance with the standards and curriculum set by Advanced Education. Yukon apprentices also attend in-school training in other jurisdictions under agreements between Advanced Education and those jurisdictions.
An Interprovincial Standards "Red Seal" Program promotes and facilitates the standardization of provincial and territorial apprenticeship training and certification, as well as the regular updating of national trades certification standards to reflect the ongoing technological changes taking place in all trades. The Canadian provinces and territories developed the Red Seal program in cooperation with the federal government (Human Resources and Skills Development Canada) to standardize trade certification requirements and provide greater employment mobility throughout Canada. These standards and qualifications are developed through the work of trades experts from across Canada representative of employers and employees in their occupation. A Certificate of Trades Qualification bearing the Red Seal provides recognition in most jurisdictions throughout Canada. For employers in other jurisdictions, the Red Seal is an assurance of quality certification to nationally recognized standards. Advanced Education is a member of the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program. Most Yukon apprentices obtain their "Red Seals" upon completion of their apprentice program if the Red Seal examination is available in their trade.
Private Training Institutions
The Occupational Training Act establishes the government of Yukon as the authority that governs private occupational training. The act authorizes the government to enter into agreements with other governments or organizations to arrange for or provide training programs relating to occupational skills. For this purpose, boards or committees may be established to advise or assist in the administration of any policy, program, or service relating to occupational training.
As of the end of 2007, there were three private training institutions registered with the Yukon government under the Trade Schools Regulation Act.
Territorial legislation can be directly accessed on the Internet.
Additional Sources of Information
- Department of Education
- Advanced Education Branch
P.O. Box 2703
Y1A 2C6 Canada
Tel: (867) 667-5131
Fax: (867) 667-8555
List of recognized postsecondary institutions in Yukon