Evaluation services have an appeal process in place for individuals who wish to challenge the assessment of their credential.
5. If I am applying for an immigration visa and need to know the value of my credentials, how can I get my credentials assessed prior to immigration?
Although regulatory bodies will provide information on what is required to practise a profession or a trade, most regulatory bodies are not set up to assess foreign credentials prior to your arrival in Canada. Assessments are conducted by examinations and interviews, which means that you MUST already be in Canada. With very few exceptions, it is virtually impossible to obtain an assessment of credentials that would lead to eventual licensure, certification, or registration in the relevant occupation before you immigrate to Canada. Some regulated professions offer an initial assessment prior to immigration. Information can be obtained concerning this service by communicating directly with the regulatory body.
When a pre-immigration assessment is not available because the regulatory body does not offer it, or because your occupation is non-regulated, you can consult one of the credentials evaluation services listed under question 4. Although an assessment by one of these services does not guarantee recognition of your credentials for purposes of employment, licensure/certification, immigration, or further studies in Canada, it does provide an expert comparison of your qualifications with credentials obtained in a Canadian province or territory.
You should be aware that even if you meet the occupational requirements for immigration and are admitted to Canada, this, in itself, does not constitute a guarantee of employment. Acceptance for employment is a decision that rests solely with the employer.
6. Where can I obtain a translation of my qualifications into English or French?
If documents need to be translated, the evaluation service or regulatory body will advise you as to the requirements for translation and authentification of official documents.
7. Is the university where I studied in my country recognized in Canada?
Recognition of universities is the responsibility of the educational authorities of the country in which such institutions are located. Canadian evaluation services consult specialized tools such as the World Higher Education Database and the World Directory of National Information Centre for Academic Recognition and Mobility to determine if an institution is recognized. Recognition does not automatically mean that a given credential is automatically recognized in Canada. Other factors, such as national or provincial/territorial legislation and other specific requirements are considered in the evaluation of credentials and the licensing of professionals.
8. What is a trade, and what is a Red Seal Trade?
A trade is an occupation generally regarded as requiring one to three years of post-secondary education at a community college or university, two to four years of apprenticeship training, two to three years of on-the-job training, or a combination of these requirements. Some trades are regulated which means that a licence/certificate is required to practise in such cases.
Some trades are referred to as Red Seal Trades. A Red Seal Trade is a trade for which all the provinces and territories have agreed on standards for entry into the occupation allowing for the portability of qualifications across Canada. Red Seal Trades are designated by the Interprovincial Standards Program under the authority of the Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship, the body that is also responsible for setting standards in the designated trades. The Red Seal is a passport that allows the holder to work anywhere in Canada without having to write further examinations.
In some provinces, certification is voluntary, meaning that neither a formal certificate nor a formal apprenticeship is required to practise the trade. However, the Red Seal Certificate would indicate that the holder has reached a certain level of expertise, and it may be required by some employers as a condition of employment. For a list of designated Red Seal Trades and the addresses of the Provincial Apprenticeship Directors, please contact CICIC.
9. If I want an assessment of my credentials for my own information, how can I proceed?
The best way to get an assessment of your credentials for information purposes is to consult one of the credentials evaluation services listed under question 4 or, for licensing purposes, to contact the appropriate professional regulatory body.
Credential evaluation services offer expert advice about how your qualifications compare with credentials obtained in a Canadian province or territory; their evaluations are advisory only and do not guarantee recognition of your qualifications for immigration, further studies, employment, or licensure/certification purposes. However, this advice will assist employers, post-secondary institutions, and professional bodies in understanding your academic background. Please note that these agencies charge a fee for their services.
10. Where can I learn more about employment opportunities in Canada?
There is no central source of information about employment opportunities. Please note that CICIC does not have information about employment opportunities. Once in Canada, you can learn more about opportunities by contacting the relevant professional associations, reading the professional newsletters and bulletins, if available, and consulting the classified advertising section of the local newspapers. A number of community and settlement organizations also provide employment advice to newly arrived immigrants. In addition, many private employment agencies will help to place individuals. Some may charge a fee for this service.
- Labour market information
- JobsEtc: http://www.jobsetc.ca/
- Working in Canada: http://www.workingincanada.gc.ca/
- National Occupational Classification
11. If I want to pursue further education in Canada, how do I get an assessment of my credentials?
If you are thinking of studying in a Canadian college or university, contact the office of admissions of the institution in which you are interested and ask about the procedure required for an assessment of your credentials. The university or college has the sole authority to make decisions about recognition of credentials for purposes of admission. Individuals intending to continue their education in Canada can learn more about the process by consulting CICIC's Fact Sheet No. 1, Information for students educated abroad applying for admission to Canadian universities and colleges.
12. What other sources of information are available?
You can contact the nearest Canadian diplomatic mission in your country to find out about visa applications, immigration requirements, and other regulations. If you have access to the Internet, you can also visit the following Web sites for more information:
- Immigration: general information and advice
- to Canada : http://www.cic.gc.ca/
- to Québec: http://www.immigration-quebec.gouv.qc.ca/en/index.asp
- Post-secondary education in Canada
- Directory of Universities, Colleges and Schools in Canada: http://www.cicic.ca/664/directory-of-universities-colleges-and-schools-in-canada.canada
- Company, business, and industry information
- Industry Canada
- Reference Publications
- Guide to Canadian terminology usage in the field of credential assessment and recognition
13. What can CICIC do for me?
The Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials (CICIC) assists persons who want to know how to obtain an assessment of their educational, professional, and occupational credentials by referring them to the appropriate bodies. CICIC does not itself grant equivalencies or assess credentials, nor does it intervene on behalf of individuals or in appeals. While colleges, universities, and licensing bodies have the sole authority to recognize foreign programs and degrees, CICIC fosters the dissemination of information about recognition procedures, promotes good and consistent practice in credentials assessment, and serves as a link for Canadian academic and professional bodies to international organizations and to similar institutions around the world.
CICIC collects data about procedures for recognizing academic and occupational credentials in different Canadian jurisdictions. This information is stored in a regularly updated database covering more than 800 professional, educational, and community agencies.
You are welcome to contact CICIC regarding qualifications assessment and recognition procedures by e-mail, telephone, fax, or post. Be sure to state in your enquiry the purpose for which you are seeking information on assessment, your intended occupation, and the province or territory where you plan to work.
Further information about post-secondary education and about other relevant organizations in Canada can be obtained by visiting the CICIC Web site: http://www.cicdi.ca/2/home.canada
If you need further details, please do not hesitate to contact us again at the following address:
Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials
95 St. Clair Avenue West, Suite 1106
Toronto, Ontario M4V 1N6 Canada